Meaning, scope, and relevance of economic anthropology

Economic organization: Meaning, scope, and relevance of economic anthropology; formalist and substantivist debate; principles governing production, distribution and exchange(reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems. Economic anthropology is a fusion of the anthropological variable of culture and economics. It is […]

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Anthropological theory: Structuralism(Levi-Strauss and E.Leach)

Claude Levi-Strauss (1908 to 2009) is widely regarded as the father of structural anthropology. In the 1940s, he proposed that the proper focus of anthropological investigations was on the underlying patterns of human thought that produce the cultural categories that organize world views hitherto studied. He believed these processes were not deterministic of culture, but […]

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Anthropological theory: Functionalism(Malinowski); Structural-Functionalism(Radcliffe-Brown)

Functionalists seek to describe the different parts of a society and their relationship through the organic analogy. The organic analogy compared the different parts of a society to the organs of a living organism. The organism was able to live, reproduce and function through the organized system of its several parts and organs. Like a […]

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Anthropological theory: Neo – Evolutionism(Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)

In contemporary US evolutionism there are two main currents of thought. They are universal evolutionism of V.Gordon Childe and Leslie White and multilinear evolutionism of Julian Steward. This new twentieth-century perspective on the evolution of society is sometimes referred to as neo-evolutionism. Julian Steward, an archeologist of Native American hunter-gatherer cultures, established a taxonomy for […]

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