Plio-pleistocene hominids in south and east africa-Australopithecines.

Pylogentic status-characteristics-geographical distribution. Australopithecine one divides them in two types: Australopithecus and Paranthropus.the former including gracile forms and latter robusts forms. Multiple remains of the members of the australopithecine were discovered from different parts are given below: Southafrica: Australopithecus africanus, pleisanthropus transvaalensis, paranthropus robustus, australopithecus prometheus, paranthropus crassidens,teleanthropus capensis. East africa: zinjanthropus boisei, Homo habilus, […]

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Rhodesian man and Neanderthal Man, La-chapelle-auxsaints(classical type), mt. Carmel(progressive type).

Rhodesian Man: A few bones of skull and limb were discovered in 1921 at Broken hill mine, rhodesia.it is believed that the form existed during last lag of erectus about 0.2mya. Features: 1)the skull reconstructed from available bones indicate to be narrow and long in the shape. 2) the cranial capacity has been variously measured […]

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Homo sapiens—Cromagnon, Grimaldi, Chancelede

Paleoanthropological findings indicate that humans similar to us were distributed in the africa, europe south west asia,south asia,south east asia,australia and americas.the earliest of these fossils to be discovered was from cro-magnon(France) in 1868. many fossils were found around many of the above places.all fossils,though grouped together, are different to some extent.those from cromagnun are […]

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Homo erectus:Africa(paranthropus),Europe(Homo erectus heidelbergenensis),Asia(homo erectus javanicus,homo erectus pekinensis).

 Homo erctus:africa(paranthropus): originally described as Pithecanthropus erectus, the java ape man,ranged across africa into eurasia from over 1.6 to .12mya.this hominid made stone tools and knew use of fire and was probably the direct ancestor of haomo sapiens who replaced it.it is supposed to have evolved side by side paranthropus upto 1 mya and beacme […]

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Tertiary and quaternary fossil primates

Basics: Cenozoic Era(age of mammals)->Secondary period->Tertiary Period->quaternary period. Tertiary Period->Palaeocene Epoch->Eocene Epoch->Oligocene->Miocene->Pliocene. Quaternary Period->Pleistocene epoch->Holocene or recent Epoch. Tertiary Period Palaeocene Epoch 75 mya, earliest lemroids,tarsioids,insectivorous. North america and france,Teeth and fragements of jaw,Several genere have been identified:Carpolestidae,Phenacolemuridae,Plesiadapidae. the Family carpolestidae is represented by jaws, both Maxille and mandibles, and teeth.in someof their dental characters […]

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Primate taxonomy(Arboreal and terrestrial)

Primate–prosimii and Anthropoidea. Prosimii—Tupeiformes, Tarsiiformes, Lorisiformes,Lemuriformes Anthropoidea—Ptayrrhini and catarrhinis Ptayrrhini—ceboidea—-cebedae and cellithricidae catarrhini—-cercopithecoidea and hominoidea cercopithecoidea—-cercopithecidae Hominoidea—-hylobatidae, pongidae,hominidae. Prosimii (Suborder) Prosimians- Lemurs, Loris, Tarsier — primitive mammalian characteristics, mostly nocturnal and arboreal (except for the lemurs, which are diurnal) Tupaiiformes(tree shrews) Long feathery tails and fur covered body,looks like small squirrel, Diurnal in habit, some […]

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